The History of Java Coffee

Coffee was first discovered in Kefa (kaffa) Ethiopia and disseminated to the Arabian peninsula in the 15th century later also to India and Southeast Asia in 1500.
Due to the high demand from the European market the Dutch began planting Arabica coffee  on land owned by the governor general of the Dutch East Indies Willem van Outhoorn in Kedawung, a suburb of Batavia, and in some other close by areas.
The Dutch VOC Java monopolized the coffee trade later. Large coffee plantations began opening up in Priangan. Coffee production in Cianjur with as much as 400 kilograms successfully sold at the bidding price at the Amsterdam auction house in 1711.
Java became the largest coffee producer outside of Mocha, Yemen.

In 1723 there were more than one million Arabica coffee trees in Cianjur. A total of 1,264 tons or 90 percent of outstanding coffee sold 1752 in Amsterdam came from Java. The brand name Java Coffee was born and the then most popular coffee in the world would shift from Mocha to Java. At the end of the 18th century the Dutch began to grow coffee along the northern coast of Java, mountains of Central Java and East Java. Other different varieties were also grown in Sumatra and Sulawesi.

A fungal attack “ Hemileia vastarix” would destroy Java coffee plantations in 1876 and  Java lost  a export potential of about 120 thousand tons in 1880. Arabica coffee in Java survived the attack only at an altitude of 1,000 meters and more above the sea level like the highlands of Ijen, East Java.
In 1876 the Dutch tried to overcome this problem by replacing with Coffea arabica  canephora var Liberica, but failed, then replaced it with Robusta, which was first  planted at the Great Source Diranam plantation, Wringin Anom and in  Bekar in Eastern Java. This effort was successful and the Java became No1 robusta coffee exporter in the world. Indonesia is the only country that has  the highest amount of  specialty coffees  in the world. Some of the names are already known in foreign countries, among others, coffee Java, Gayo coffee, coffee Mandailaing, and Toraja coffee.